Guide written by:
John, Passionate gardener, Cambridge
The month of August may be associated with holidays for some, but for the gardener, it's far from it! Be it in the vegetable patch or in the garden, chores like sowing, planting, transplanting and dividng plants still need to be done if you want to obtain flowers or vegetables the following autumn, winter or spring.
- Planting and sowing in an ornamental garden
- Planting and sowing in a vegetable patch
Planting and sowing for a ornamental garden
Biennial and perennial flowers
For ornamental gardens, the end of August is the best time to transplant any biennialplants that were sown in the spring (daisies, pansies, wallflowers, or sweet William). The same goes for any perennial flowers that were sown during this time (basket of gold, geraniums, Japaense primrose, scabious, etc.).
Trim the lavender to give it a harmonious shape. The bits you cut off can be kept, dried and are an ideal way to perfume your laundry.
By folding any hollyhock over once they are done flowering, you eliminate any chance of the plant being affected by rust, which it often is.
Cut any bignoneias, hydrangeas, lavender, rosemary, roses, honeysuckle... making sure to harvest as much of last season's growth as possible.
Gardeners who have mastered the art of layering will also add winter jasmine, passion flower and perennial carnations to the mix.
In order to benefit from an earlier flowering next year, now is also the best time to sow snapdragons and marigolds.
Don't forget to collect the annual flowers' seeds, be they cosmos, poppies or carnations, to include in next year's sowing.
Now is the time to plant your bulbs, no matter if they will bloom next autumn (meadow saffron or autumn crocus for example) or next spring (cyclamen, scilla or ornamental garlic for example). You can also include the elegant Madonna lilly, with its large white fragrant flowers.
If your soil is composed primarily of clay, bring a shovel-full of coarse sand to the bottom of the planting hole to ensure proper drainage. This should prevent excess moisture, a common cause of bulb rot.
Divide the different varieties of iris before the end of the month, seperating them at the roots with a claw weeder. The end of the summer period is also an ideal time to divide any peonies. The process of plant division helps rejuvenate the tufts and move different plants topics to new locations in the garden.
What to plant and sow in your vegetable patch?
The vegetable patch
August is the best time to plant the vegetables that will be harvested in the fall.
Winterleeks, like the "messidor" or "winter blue" varieties, are more resistant to the cold and can therefore be planted directly in the ground. Think of earthing them up on 2 or 3 occasions during their development in order to blanch the stems.
Plant the cabbages (green cabbages, cabbage heads, cauliflower, broccoli, brussels sprouts) and the ribbed celery. Take advantage of the fact that these two species (cabbage and celery) have a positive effect on one another and alternate them.
Varietes that can be sown throughout the month include:
- Spring headed cabbage ('Sweetheart', 'express' ...), that will be transplanted in autumn or spring;
- Turnips ('Golden ball');
- Turnip cabbage;
- Corn salad, it is traditionally sown in late summer.
Varietes that need to be sown before the 15th of August include:
- Chinese cabbages (Nappa and Bok choi) can be planted before August 15 for an autumn harvest, or in September in Mediterranean regions, for a winter harvest;
- Winter radishes ('Noir Long Maraicher', 'Violet de Gournay' ...);
Varietes that need to be sown after the 15th of August include:
- Winter lettuce (' Winter Wonder', 'Winter Brown', 'Val d'Orge' ...), as well as leaflettuce;
- Spinach, which, in this season, will have little chance of successfully seeding;
- White onions ('Paris', 'Vaugirard' ...) that can eventually transplanted in October, for a spring harvest.
Add green manure crops
If you have some free space in your vegetable patch, sow green manures crops such as blue tansys, fenugreeks, faba beans, or white mustard plant to prevent nutrient loss and maintain the soil's fertility. They will be covered up by the following spring.
In cold regions or clay-dominant soil, you can also opt for a slow-growing green manure crop that is highly resistant to frost, like rye.
Maintaining your garden
Be sure to remove any overly greedy fruits from your tomato feet.
Some aromatic plants can still be sown in August, including chervil, parsley orangelica.
Now is also the perfect time to cut tanye woody aromatics (thyme, sage, rosemary, bay leaf, lavender...) or to divide the tufts of plants that require it such as tarragon, and rosemary, to name but a few.
Orchards and berries
Trim any raspberry plants that have stopped growing.
Cut the ends off any vine's twigs to clear the clusters and be sure to follow up with a copper treatment afterwards. The Bordeaux mixture also needs to be treated against mildew. This is especially ture for hot weather, when dusting or spraying your flowers with sulful will normally prevent the apparition of the powdery mildew. That being said, it's best to avoid using it too often, as sulfur acidifies the soil.
Regularly tie off any twigs to maintain a consistent shape.
Prop up any tree branches that are too full of fruit (plum trees for example).
If you deem it to be required due to the soil drying up, don't be afraid to soak the whole pot in water.
Amaryllis varieties are the exception to the rule, they need to be left alone until autumn: no more watering for them.
Continue to mow and water your lawn twice a week. If ever restricted by a heat wave, spread grass clippings out on the grass, and let it grow longer than usual. Don't forget that lawn mowers require regular maintenance.
The garden and the vegetable garden over the months
Be it permaculture, organic, vegetable or ornamental gardens... they are all based on nature . A good gardener lives to the rhythm of the seasons and adapts his work depending on what month it is. Each seasons has it's own schedule for sowing, planting, pruning and harvesting! To get a better understand of the approach and methods to put into action in your garden in order to have a successful experience, here are some more guides!
- What to plant in March?
- What to plant in April?
- What to plant in May?
- What to plant in June?
- What to plant in July?
- What to plant in September?
And for an even better garden, discover all our editor's guides:
- How to garden with the moon?
- How to transplant your vegetables?
- How to start your permaculture garden?
- A close look at permaculture: definition and advantages
- How to choose your strawberry plants?
- When to plant your trees?
- How to grow an organic garden?
- How to decorate and organize your garden?
- How to prepare the soil for your vegetable patch?
Guide written by:
John, Passionate gardener, Cambridge, 61 guides
When I was young, I was already working in the family garden. Perhaps that is where my interest in plants and gardening came from. So, it was logical for me to study both plant biology and agronomy. At the request of various publishers I have, over twenty-five years, written many books on the subject of plants and mushrooms (a subject that is close to my heart).They were mostly identification guides at first, but shortly after they were about gardening, thus renewing the first passion of my childhood. I have also regularly collaborated with several magazines specializing in the field of gardening or more generally in nature. There is no gardener without a garden, I have cultivated mine in a small corner of Cambridge for the last thirty years and this is where I put into practice the methods of cultivation that will I advise you in as well.