Guide written by:
Lukas, Constructeur bois passionné, Marne
Time and lack of care will take their toll on any garden shed: leaks emerge, wood can rot, steel will rust, and windows may crack. But replacing a board or roof shingle rarely takes more than an hour so grab your toolbox and let’s get to work!
- Replacing damaged boards
- Hinge and door issues
Garden sheds: materials, parts and repairs
Garden sheds are generally built using one of three materials: wood, metal or composite materials. Each material has its advantages and disadvantages but any type should provide a sturdy structure for your shed – provided it is well looked after.
No matter what garden sheds are made of, they comprise:
- a roof made of roofing felt, asphalt shingles or steel sheets, all of which can become less watertight over time (especially along the edges of the panels or roof ridge);
- four walls composed of panels or boards that are fixed onto a frame. These parts can also rot, rust or simply break as the result of improper care or damage from impacts;
- a hingeddoor and often windows that can be locked by means of handle or another type of lock. Weathering may impair the quality and proper functioning of these parts.
How to repair a garden shed roof
Repairing a roof made of roofing felt or shingles
Found mainly on wooden and composite sheds, roofing felt is inexpensive and very effective. However, it does tend to get brittle and can get damaged quite quickly. Roofing felt rests on the framework of the roof and comes in the form of rolls or squares (which are installed just like a slate roof).
If you notice anyleaks or if any of the felt pieces become damaged, you will need to climb up to the roof and carefully remove the affected panel. Use a nail puller to remove the nails or staples while holding the panel in place, making sure not to detach the surrounding felt. You can then lay another panel of the same size in place and nail it down well to create a tight seal. If the garden shed is covered with roof shingles, the damaged parts should be replaced in exactly the same way. Roofing felt panels and shingles can also be melt-welded into place using a blowtorch. Another easy waterproofing solution is to use a sealant gun to apply silicone adhesive.
Garden sheds covered with asphalt or bitumen roofing felt or shingles will commonly leak where the panels meet or along the ridge of the roof. To resolve this issue, you can use a sealant gun to apply a silicone seal in the same colour as the roof.
Repairing a metal shed roof
While metal is generally chosen for its long service life, you may, nonetheless, have to change or strengthen part of your metal roof. But not to worry: the process couldn’t be more straightforward! Using a wrench or screwdriver, loosen the screws holding the sheet in place, as well as those fixing any surrounding sheets. This will make it easier to remove the panel that needs replacing.
Get hold of a sheet of the same type and size – or use a grinder to cut down a sheet to the required dimensions – and put it into position. Secure the sheet back onto the shed frame using pre-drilled holes. Do not forget to tighten small plastic washers onto the screws in order to create a tight seal.
How to repair garden shed walls
Repairing wooden shed walls
Changing a cladding board
The main challenge with changing cladding boards is that they are often locked into place via a tongue and groove system. Theoretically, this means that, in order to remove the damaged board, you will also have to take off any boards above it, as well as part of the roof.
A more efficient solution, however, is to remove the single board very carefully and then neatly nail a new board in its place; in this case, the groove system – which is used to keep the walls watertight – can be replaced by a silicone seal.
Repairing metal shed walls
If part of the wall gets rusty, simply rub it with a wire brush, sand down the corroded part and the surrounding area and then treat it with a rustproof exterior paint in the same colour as the garden shed. Suppliers will usually indicate the corresponding RAL colour (the exact shade of the colour) of the shed they are selling. That being said, it's always better to assume that regular maintenance will be required; this way you’ll avoid having to repair your shed at all!
Replacing a metal panel
Metal panels usually overlap vertically. It is therefore very easy to change them using just a handful of tools. Unscrew the required screws or bolts and then reattach your new panel (manufacturers usually sell these as spare parts), taking care to ensure the new panel overlaps the adjacent panel as before.
How to repair garden shed windows and doors
However, the hinges can eventually wear down, at which point it is necessary to replace them. You have two solutions: either try to fix them using larger screws or get new hinges in the same size (these should ideally be made of stainless steel). If the wood itself is damaged, you can always move the hinges.
If the entire door needs to go, be sure to measure it carefully, unscrew it from its hinges and reattach the new one. Always make sure to check that dimensions are compatible before purchase.
To replace a cracked window, take a look at its mounting system, which is often composed of glazing beads that hold the glass in place. Usually, the glass will just be clipped in but it may also be secured by nails.
Most traditional glazing installations are fixed with putty or wood paste. In this case, cutter knives or a small knife will be required to remove the filler.
Once removed, you can replace the glass (wearing protective gloves) by inserting it into the glazing beads, or securing it at several locations with glazing points before using a putty knife to apply putty.
If using plexiglass, the replacement process is identical – with a reduced risk of injuries!
Have you been meaning to fix up that old shed? Follow the links below for related accessories, advice from our editors and more helpful guides:
Guide written by:
Lukas, Constructeur bois passionné, Marne, 35 guides
Après avoir quelques temps roulé ma bosse dans le bâtiment, notamment dans tout ce qui touche à la rénovation – peinture, carrelage, menuiserie, pose de cuisine et de salle de bain – j’ai décidé de passer un diplôme de « Monteur constructeur bois » et j’ai bien fait car rien n’est plus plaisant que de travailler sur une charpente ou de concevoir une maison en bois ! Tout ce qui touche au travail du bois me passionne, et construire ma propre maison dans ce matériau est un de mes buts ! Je suis également un adepte de l’outillage du bâtiment : j’adore m’informer sur les innovations, les méthodes d’utilisation, les astuces ou les performances de chaque nouvel outil du marché, que ce soit en rapport avec le travail du bois ou non ! Je me ferai un plaisir de vous conseiller et de vous aider dans vos choix ! Bon bricolage !