How to maintain your garden pond?
Albert, Manager of a gardening service, Leicester48 guides
- Installing and cleaning the filter
- Installing the UV lamp
- Water quality monitoring
Why bother maintaining your pond?
It's a fragile environment
A garden pond plays host to a fragile ecosystem which needs to be actively maintained in order for everything to stay in balance. There are several factors that threaten to upset this balance, starting with water stagnation. Stagnation encourages algae growth and the formation of silt. Oxygen levels decrease and the survival of any fish in your pond comes under threat.
Advance and ongoing maintenance
By taking a few simple steps when you first install your pond, you'll save yourself a lot of time in terms of ongoing maintenance. Here are some pointers:
- careful choice of pond location; to avoid any nasty surprises later on, choose a shaded location away from any trees that shed a large quantity of leaves, seeds, etc.
- installing a pond pump, essential to ensure adequate oxygenation by causing the water to circulate
- installing a filter, letting you eliminate bacteria and algae through biological and mechanical action as well as removing impurities from the water
- installing a UV lamp, which also acts to eliminate bacteria and algae, leaving clean, clear water for your plants and fish
- putting in a cascade, to improve water circulation and oxygenation
- putting in plants, since these fix oxygen into the water by photosynthesis
- introducing appropriate fish species, in a manageable number, and avoiding notorious over-eaters like the grass carp
Ongoing pond maintenance
Regular housekeeping in your pond will let you maintain the right conditions for the flora and fauna you wish to cultivate. At the same time, it helps show the pond to its best advantage: a well-maintained pond is a true thing of beauty to have in your garden. To that end, here are a few essential tasks:
- visually check the water level and clarity; if the level looks low – often the case in summer – you'll need to top it up, and if it's a little murky, you should check the filter
- remove leaves and other waste vegetation using a landing net, particularly in autumn
- regularly clean the filter, thereby avoiding letting it get clogged
- keep any potentially invasive plants (e.g. duckweed) in check by removing the excess, and particuarly cutting back overstrong specimens. If you have plants in submerged pond baskets, make sure they're well filled and add more soil if not
- monitor fish numbers and behaviour, as their size and health of your fish population is very important. A good rule of thumb is to maintain at least 50 litres of water per individual fish
Learn more about outdoor DIY projects...
How to treat a sick tree?
What flowers to plant in April?
How to landscape and decorate your garden?
When to plant your trees?
How to kit out your garden pond?
How to choose your leafy trees and shrubs?
How to choose your garden pond?
How to choose your tape measure?
How to design and decorate your garden?
How to install a garden pond?
How to clean your terrace?
How to decorate your balcony?
How to choose your outdoor lighting?
How to choose your pond pump?
How to choose your pool maintenance products?
How to filter your pool?
How to choose your pool?
How to choose your spanners?
How to choose your trampoline?
How to install a trampoline?
How to maintain your garden tools?
How to choose your motorized wheelbarrow?
How to choose your spanners and sockets?
How to choose your hot tub?
Swimming pool or hot tub: which is best?
How to choose your spirit level?
How to choose your soil-working tools?
How to choose your wheelbarrrow?
How to choose your extension flex?
How to choose your electrical sockets?
How to choose your hosepipe and reel?
How to lay decking over studs?
What to put under your above-ground pool?
How to choose your protective tarpaulin?
How to choose your garden shed or chalet?
How to choose your builder's tools?
Albert, Manager of a gardening service, Leicester 48 guides écrits