Bed base, mattress and headboard buying guide
Sylvie, Ecrivain & journaliste brico/déco, Essonne195 guides
- Mattress size
- Support and comfort
- Bed base types
- Mattress/bed base combinations
- Headboard size
- Bed leg height and fixings
- Bed leg materials, shapes and diameter
Bed bases, mattresses and headboards: the essentials
When it comes to finding the right bed set-up, there are a number of elements to consider:
- a bed base, which is designed to absorb movements during the night; it can be:
- adjustable with either slats or disc springs.
- a mattress, which also absorbs movement, should be chosen based on firmness (density), thickness, comfort zones (from 1 to 7) and material type, such as:
- foam: polyether, polyurethane (recommended) or memory foam;
- a headboard, which is primarily for decoration but can provide extra storage space;
- a bed frame, which supports the bed base;
- bed legs, which add height and ensure the mattress is properly ventilated;
- pillows and bed linen.
Key criteria for choosing a mattress
Although standard mattresses range from 190 to 200 cm, we recommend choosing a mattress that is at least 20 cm longer than the tallest sleeper.
Foam mattresses can be made from polyether or polyurethane. Polyether foam mattresses are best suited to spare beds, whereas polyurethane mattresses are more flexible and durable, but are moisture-sensitive. Another option is memory foam: these firm mattresses provide enhanced comfort and support.
Latex mattresses can be natural, synthetic or a blend of both materials. Highly flexible and breathable, this type of mattress offers excellent support and can provide various comfort zones.
Although not as popular as they once were, spring mattresses traditionally comprise bonnell springs. Nowadays, you can choose from various types of spring, such as:
- continuous springs: made from a single length of wire that is woven into a series of springs;
- pocket springs: the most common option but can be expensive; these springs are all enclosed in their own fabric pocket. This technology offers optimal support, is great for two sleepers and provides excellent ventilation.
Different levels of mattress comfort
A variety of features will affect how comfortable a mattress is:
- the mattress thickness depends on the type of support chosen: 15 cm minimum for a foam or latex mattress or 20 cm for a spring mattress;
- the mattress firmness depends on the density of the material: the higher the density, the firmer the mattress;
- comfort zones: mattresses can offer up to seven zones with different levels of support for each area of the body;
- dual-sided summer/winter mattresses provide one warmer side and one side with greater ventilation.
Bed base types and mattress combinations
Different types of bed base
Slatted bed bases
This is the most popular type of bed base. It offers enhanced support and mattress ventilation. Slats come in a range of different widths and spacing configurations. While they can be covered with ticking (a densely woven fabric), slats with no covering are more common and provide better ventilation for the mattress.
Slats can also be equipped with suspension systems or slider bars to provide varying support for different parts of the body.
Sprung bed bases
Whether equipped with bonnell or pocket springs, sprung bed bases are more efficient because they provide independent comfort for two sleepers. However, they offer less in terms of firmness and durability.
Adjustable bed bases for relaxation
Adjustable bed bases are composed of either slats or rubber discs that can move in all directions to allow you to choose precise support for different areas of the body.
Finding the perfect bed base / mattress combination
It's important to remember that not all bed bases can be combined with all mattresses. For example, sprung bed bases normally go with spring mattresses, whereas a slatted bed base can be used with a wider range of mattresses, including foam, latex or memory foam.
Choosing the right headboard
We recommend choosing a size of headboard that is suitable for both your bed and the bedroom overall:
- When it comes to width, the headboard should be at least 10 cm wider than the bed and much wider if you want a headboard to enhance the length of the wall between bedside tables.
- The headboard should also stretch at least 30 cm above the bed so that you can lean against it when sitting up in bed. Alternatively, you can choose a headboard that reaches the ceiling for added visual effect.
The material covering your headboard is essential both in terms of personal taste and desired comfort:
- Wood comes in many varieties and finishes. While wooden headboards go with almost every style and are easy to maintain, they aren't very comfortable.
- Upholstered fabric or PVC is available in a wide range of styles and colours and offers enhanced comfort at a wide range of prices.
- Natural rattan or poly rattan (a synthetic rattan also known also as woven resin) can add a natural touch to the headboard and come in many shapes.
- Leather or imitation leather (the less expensive option) headboards are elegant and cosy. Keep in mind, however, that genuine leather headboards must be cared for on a regular basis.
Choosing your bed legs: the essentials
Bed legs: choosing the right height
When it comes to bed legs, it's important to determine how high you want your bed to be. Your choice should be based on your personal tastes and requirements.
- Bed legs measuring between 7 to 15 cm in height will make your bed feel relatively discreet. If you are on the smaller side or have an attic bedroom, we recommend opting for shorter bed legs.
- When fitted with legs measuring around 15 cm to over 20 cm, your bed will become the key focus of the room. The standard bed leg height is generally 15 cm, while 20 cm is recommended for taller sleepers or those looking to slide storage under the bed.
Bed leg shapes and diameters
Square bed legs are more traditional and work well with any style of bedroom while round bed legs are best for rooms with more curved shapes.
Bed leg materials
Bed legs tend to be made of either wood or metal. Both materials are equally resistant and long-lasting so your choice will depend, once again, on the overall style of your bedroom. Wood is a classic choice for traditional décor, while metal is perfect for contemporary settings.
Bed leg fixings
Sylvie, Ecrivain & journaliste brico/déco, Essonne 195 guides écrits
Aussi éclectique dans mes goûts que dans mes écrits, passionnée de décoration et de bricolage comme d’histoire et de sciences, j’écris depuis plus de vingt ans sur ces thématiques.
À mon actif : des ouvrages didactiques, romans et nouvelles, et de très nombreux articles brico déco regorgeant de conseils et d’astuces, expérimentés dans la vieille maison que je rénove peu à peu.
The products related to this guide
- Free delivery (postcode specific)
- Free delivery (postcode specific)