Guide written by:
Jeremy, construction site supervisor, Cardiff
Ventilating your bathroom helps to reduce excess humidity, which is essential for protecting the surfaces of your bathroom and avoiding health issues. From whole-house ventilation systems to window or wall-mounted extractor fans, read on for tips on how best to ventilate your bathroom.
- Whole-house ventilation
- Extractor fans
- Bathroom windows
Why ventilate your bathroom?
Bathrooms produce a lot of moisture meaning proper ventilation is essential both for your own health and for the bathroom itself. Keeping fresh air flowing in the bathroom will limit condensation and mould growth by reducing the overall humidity level.
Properly ventilating a bathroom will also prevent premature aging of surfaces such as plaster, paint and pieces of furniture. It will also help to protect your plug sockets and release odours. In the long run, excess moisture can cause real health issues, such as respiratory problems (asthma, rhinitis, etc.), skin infections and eye irritation.
What is the best way to ventilate your bathroom?
In new or recently built houses, built-in ventilation will sometimes be provided in the form of a whole-house ventilation system. However, when you are renovating your own bathroom or building a bathroom from scratch, the big question remains: what is the most efficient form of ventilation?
When it comes to ventilating a bathroom, there are a few basic guidelines to follow concerning the efficiency of your whole-house system. The following table notes the recommended minimum air extraction rate of these systems in m3/h (cubic metres per hour).
Air flow (in m3/h)
5 rooms and more
Your extraction system can even be equipped with a motion detector that will increase the air flow when you enter a room.
More likely than not, your home will not be equipped a full ventilation system or, if you do have one, your system may be somewhat lacking in efficiency. In these cases, there is another alternative in the form of extractor fans.
Extractor fans are small units designed to turn on as soon as you walk into the room. The device usually cuts off a few minutes after you leave in order to extract all the moisture from the bathroom.
Extractor fans must be able to renew the air at a rate of 10 to 15 times the volume of the room over one hour, and are connected to a pre-existing duct.
The extraction is performed by a fan and the diameter of the opening will depend on your model. If you find yourself comparing a couple of models, go for the least noisy model; anything below 30 dB (decibels) will be quiet enough for comfortable use.
Wall or window extractor fan
There are two main types of extractor fan: window fans and wall-mounted fans.
Window extractor fans
This is the ideal solution if the windows in your bathroom are unable to open. The fan is installed on both sides of the window glazing. The only real difficulty in installing these fans is drilling through the glass. These fans can be controlled manually or automatically via motion detection.
Wall-mounted extractor fan
More efficient than window extractor fans, wall-mounted extractor fans require three elements for installation:
- The fan itself, which is installed inside the bathroom;
- The exhaust duct, which passes through to the other side of the wall;
- The exhaust grid, which is installed on the outer wall.
The main challenge in this approach is getting through the wall. If your bathroom is not located against an exterior wall, you can use a ducting hose. These extractor fans are connected to your electrical system. They can be activated manually, through motion detection or they may be linked to your bathroom lights.
While it may seem like the obvious answer, if your bathroom cannot be equipped with an extractor unit, there is a straightforward solution: open up a window!
Bathroom windows are usually fairly small in size. You can, however, find windows that are especially suited for use in bathrooms, such as tilt-and-turn windows. These models are designed to swing outwards to open but can also be tilted inwards for a smaller opening to freshen up the air in the bathroom.
If you are renovating a bathroom and are considering a tilt-and-turn window, go for a double or triple glazedmodel for better acoustic and thermal insulation. You should also think about equipping the window with a security system (to prevent both accidents and break-ins) to keep you safe while the window is tilted.
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Guide written by:
Jeremy, construction site supervisor, Cardiff, 131 guides
Electrician by trade, I first worked in industrial estates where I installed, wired and fixed a large number of electrical installations. After this, I managed a team of electricians for this type of work. 10 years or so ago, I turned to building and construction. From the modest family home, to gyms and theatres; I have been able to coordinate, audit and organise all sorts of construction sites. for 4 years now, I am restaoring and bulding an extrension to a bungalow in the heart of the welsh countyside. My experience in manual work and my knowledge means I am proud to be of service. Terraces, interior design, roofing, plumbing, electricty, anything goes! We have, my wife, daughter and I, built almost everything we have from scratch! So to answer all of your questions, and to orientate and advise you on coosing your tools? Easy!